Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) is a technique that involves purifying and isolating your body’s own natural healing and growth factors from your own blood. On the day of the procedure, your doctor will take a small sample of your blood and place these samples in a specially designed and calibrated centrifuge.
Platelet Rich Fibrin is a by-product of blood that is exceptionally rich in platelets. PRF has long been used in hospitals to accelerate the body’s own healing process, but it is only fairly recently that advances in technology have allowed this same technique to be used in the dental office.
The blood platelets perform several essential functions in the body, including blood clot formation and the release of growth factors that help to heal wounds. These growth factors stimulate the stem cells to produce new host tissue as quickly as possible, which is why platelet rich fibrin is so effective in the post-treatment healing process.
There are several ways in which PRF can be used in clinical dentistry:
Bone Grafting For Implants – This includes closure of a cleft lip and cleft palate deformities, sinus lifts, ridge augmentation, and both inlay and onlay grafts.
Bone Repair – PRF can be used in facial trauma reconstruction, repairing of defects due to tooth removal, or the removal of growths and cysts.
Fistula Repair – This includes the repair of fistulas between the mouth and the sinus cavity.
Reasons for platelet rich fibrin treatment
Platelet rich fibrin application is now widely used to expedite the post-procedure healing process and is completely safe. Since the blood used will come from the patient’s own body, disease transmission is not a factor. Almost all patients report a much greater degree of comfort immediately after their procedure. There are also several more distinct advantages of PRF:
- Lower Infection Risk – PRF is secured on the wound after the procedure by the dentist and actually seals the wound away from infectious agents, lowering the risk of problems.
- Accelerated Healing – The saturation of the wound with PRF helps increase tissue synthesis due to its growth factors, and this in turn results in faster tissue regeneration. Speedier healing decreases the risk of later infections, complications, and discomfort.
- Safety and Convenience – Disease transmission is non-issue since the blood is harvested from the patient’s own blood supply. The amount of blood needed is small and can be collected during a routine outpatient procedure.
Why is it recommended in dental surgery?
This technique has been scientifically proven to enhance and improve your own body’s healing and regeneration systems, that decreases your chances of having post operative complications dramatically. Techniques such as this have been used in regenerative medicine for several years and have been proven in the rapid healing seen in elite athletes following injuries.
What does platelet rich fibrin treatment involve?
The specialist will initially assess if you’re a candidate for PRF treatment. Patients with blood clotting disorders will be unable to take advantage of this treatment. A small (about 2 oz) sample of your blood will be collected during a scheduled outpatient treatment. The blood will be placed into a centrifuge to separate the plasma and fibrin from the red blood cells. The centrifuge concentrates the platelets, fibrin and white blood cells which contain a growth factor called Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF).
Immediately after suturing the wound, the specialist will apply the PRF to the surgical area in a high concentration. This will expedite your healing and decrease the amount of discomfort following the surgery. The specialist will provide aftercare instructions pertaining to the surgery and a prescription for pain medication as required.
There is NO risk of rejection because it is your body’s own concentrated healing matrix. PRF has been shown to virtually eliminate the incidence of dry-socket following dental surgery and results in exceptional bone and soft tissue healing.