Gum grafting can become necessary when a patient experiences gingival recession. This is when there is pulling back of tissues surrounding a tooth, which exposes more of the tooth and its root structure. This is generally caused by periodontal disease, toothbrush abrasion and trauma. When recession occurs, the body loses a natural defence against both bacteria and trauma. When needed, the doctors at BC Perio Dental Health and Implant Centre are specifically trained to treat recession with various forms of gum grafting procedures. Gum graft procedures are highly predictable and result in stable, health, attached tissues around teeth.
If recession defects are found early, some health gum tissue can often remain and protect the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying at-home oral health care practices is necessary. But when recession defects are not identified and monitored early in their progression, they can continue to grow and eventually need to be grafted. As a result, regular visits will be important.
Even minor gum recession can cause issues such as root sensitivity to hot and cold foods, as well leave you unhappy with the look of your smile. Also, the exposed root surfaces are weaker than the rest of your tooth, which makes them more susceptible to cavities and trauma.
Gum Grafts help to resolve these issues. There are various types of gum grafts but, in general, they involve taking a thin piece of tissue from the roof of the mouth and transferring it to the recessed teeth, which will regenerate the tissue that has been lost. In many cases borrowing tissue from the roof of the mouth can be avoided by using material known as processed dermal tissues, commonly used in plastic surgery to treat burn patients and in cosmetic surgery for lip augmentations.
For more information or to book a consult, contact us today at our Vancouver or Coquitlam offices.